Live Ledge #299: Skiffle
Last year, Billy Bragg and Joe Henry put out a charming album of covers called “Shine a Light”. To record this record, they boarded a train in Chicago and headed to L.A. On the way they recorded a bunch of train songs at various stops on the trip. Sometimes in train station waiting rooms. Sometimes at trackside. A song or two was even recorded in the very same hotel room that Robert Johnson recorded his legendary tunes.
One of the songs they recorded - “Rock Island Line”, one of the most important songs in British music history. A few weeks ago, a new book by Bragg called Roots, Radicals, and Rockers: How Skiffle Changed the World tells the story of “Rock Island Line” and everything that resulted from its release.
We’ve always been led to believe that British R&R began with the Beatles, Stones, etc, and they were influenced by Chuck Berry and American blues. Those influences aren’t entirely wrong, but the Big Bang actually happened a few years earlier with Skiffle. Charlie Watts, Mick jagger, and Bill Wyman of the Stones were in skiffle bands, as were Ian MacLagan of the Small Faces, Dave Davies of the Kinks, Graham Nash and Allan Clarke of the Hollies, Roger Daltrey first formed the Detours as a skiffle band before they became the Who. Jimmy Page’s first TV appearance was with his skiffle band. Even in the 70’s - Ian Hunter, Rod Stewart, Ron Wood, Dr. Feelgood, Van Morrison all played skiffle. And not to mention the Quarrymen, who of course turned into the Beatles.
To understand skiffle, you have to keep in mind that in the 50’s the British music industry catered exclusively to adults. The BBC had no TV or radio programming for teens. Even after skiffle arrived they did everything they could to eliminate it.
Skiffle’s beginnings, though, were in American ragtime music. Ken Colyer was so fascinated by jazz that he joined the British navy just to be able to visit America and watch jazz bands. He ended up being deported, though, via the Red Scare-inspired McCarran/Walter Act because he had the audacity to sit in with black musicians in New Orleans.
He went back to the UK and started a trad jazz band, the Ken Colyer All-Stars. Chris Barber and Alexis Korner were part of this band, and anybody who knows the early history of the Stones recognizes those names. To fill up time, they used to have intervals in their shows where a couple of musicians would do these little folk/blues breakdown sets that included Leadbelly songs. One of these musicians was Lonnie Donegan, and to fill time on their first record they recorded a couple of these tunes. One of them was “Rock Island Line”.
A year or so later, “Rock Island Line” suddenly became a hit. A huge hit. It was the first time a song led by guitar hit the charts. Previously the guitar had been an accessory that was barely heard. Now kids all over the UK were seeing this instrument used in a frenetic, aggressive manner and they were hooked.
You only needed to know a couple of chords, and the rest of the instrumentation came from standup bass, washboards, maybe a banjo or violin. A teen market was instantly created. There were so many bands that Promoters discovered they could sell hundreds of tickets to “battle of the bands” type shows.
Of course it didn’t last long. The trad crowd moved on to folk and blues. Record companies took back their power just as they did in the US by creating cleaned-up teen idols who did what the labels wanted.
Tonight's show includes some of the precursors to skiffle, and concludes with some of the great British rock that came as skiffle died away. Bragg's book is really great, by the way, and is definitely worth reading. You can find a copy HERE!!!
Grab this show from the usual sources, or...
CLICK HERE TO STREAM OR DOWNLOAD!!!
1. Billy Bragg & Joe Henry, Rock Island Line
3. Ken Colyer, Midnight Special
4. Ken Colyer, Casey Jones
5. Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group, Rock Island Line
6. Lonnie Donegan, Cumberland Gap
7. Lonnie Donegan, Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O
8. The Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group, Stackalee
9. Ken Colyer Skiffle Group, Mule Skinner Blues
10. Alexis Korner's Breakdown Group ft Cyril Davies, Roundhouse Stomp
11. Alexis Korner Skiffle Group ft Cyril Davies, Kid Man
12. Alan Lomax & The Ramblers, Dirty Old Town
13. Alan Lomax & The Ramblers, Hard Case
14. Bob Cort Skiffle Group, Six-Five Special
15. Bob Cort Skiffle Group, School Day
16. The Vipers Skiffle Group, Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O
17. The Vipers Skiffle Group, Maggie May
18. The Vipers, The Streamline Train
19. The Vipers, Pay Me My Money Down
20. Les Hobeaux Skiffle Group, Mama Don't Allow
21. Chas McDevitt (With Nancy Whiskey), Greenback Dollar
22. Johnny Duncan & His Blue Grass Boys, Rockabilly Baby
23. Guy Mitchell With Jimmy Carroll & Orchestra, Rock-A-Billy
24. Jimmy Miller & The Barbecues, Sizzlin' Hot
25. The Original Barnstormers Spasm Band, Stormin' The Barn
26. Don Lang & His Frantic Five, 6.5 Special
27. Johnny Parker's Washboard Band, Number 69
28. Tommy Steele, Rock With The Caveman
29. Cliff Richard, Move It
30. Johnny Kid & The Pirates, Shakin' All Over
31. Vince Taylor & The Playboys, Right Behind You Baby
32. Alexis Korner, National Defence Blues
33. Alexis Korner, County Jail Blues
34. The Quarrymen, That'll Be The Day
35. The Quarrymen, In Spite Of All The Danger
36. Billy Bragg & Joe Henry, The Midnight Special